The death of Queen Victoria in January 1901 and the succession of her son, Edward, marked the end of the Victorian era, Queen Victoria had reigned for 1837- 1901, on her death her son Edward came to the throne and reigned from 1901 to 1910, An important development during the Victorian era was the improvement of communication links. Stagecoaches, steam ships and most notably the railways all allowed goods, raw materials and people to be moved about, rapidly facilitating trade and industry. Medicine also benefited from the introduction of antiseptics by Joseph Lister in 1867 in the form of Carbolic acid (phenol) He instructed the hospital staff to wear gloves and wash their hands, instruments, and dressings with a phenol solution and, in 1869, he invented a machine that would spray carbolic acid in the operating theatre during surgery communication methods such as cinema, telegraph, telephones, cars and aircraft, had an impact. Photography was realized in 1839 by Louis Daguerre in France and William Fox Talbot in the UK. By 1900, hand-held cameras were available..
I have always been interested in history and the past, and quite dismayed at the fact that a lot of New Zealand heritage and historical stuff is fast disappearing into Natures melting post..England makes the most of her Heritage but alas a lot of New Zealand colonial heritage has been lost, interesting buildings sadly rotting away or demolished for so called progress, I saw this happen in the mining town of Waihi New Zealand and it is quite distressing to see history disappear into the greedy maw of so called progress ie gold mining companies, I am also dismayed that a lot of our youngsters know naught about a lot of our early New Zealand colonial history and how our Grandparents faired, how they lived , what they wore, where they lived, what they ate etc.,so I am putting up,this page and hopefully it may help to spark an interest in our rich colonial history before it disappears..forever...
I found some weird utensils used by the Victorians in their kitchens, that till work today, some our our youngsters have utterly no idea of teamaking in a teapot!, butter making, jams,scones, pickles, preserves all the stuff our Grannies did or their servants, depending where you were on the ladder of  society...a lot of the bigger Victorian homes had a buttery or creamery, where the butter was made from fresh cream for the household, all Victorian homes had a large Pantry /Scullery for storing sacks/crockery jars/ bottles of bulk foodstuffs., vinegar, flour, sugar, molasses,pickles, salt., etc.,.
A trip down memory lane in theVictorian/Edwardian  N Z.
On the right, making butter in a butter jar, I find you can make it with a egg beater, just put your cream in a large bowl and beat it hard, it will soon start to solidify into curds& whey, drain out the whey, a bluish liquid and use wooden butter pats if you have them to get rid of the excess whey, salt a little and hey presto fresh butter, now all you need to make are home made scones on your griddle iron! yum! Note that dairy maids had to wear pinnys) aprons)  and head caps for hygiene
Now for lighting the house, there were candles which some folk became very proficient at making, candles were kept in a special Candle Box...there were kerosene and oil lamps, some of the lamps and their fittings were very elegant indeed, then at a later date, gas was introduced, bringing more freedom and ease with the event of gas lighting/heating and cooking...
A Victorian Kitchen, with cast iron  coal range, note the high ceiling with the clothes rack , a very handy gadget, for airing clothes,,this would have been a hive of activity, making this and that from scratch, no supermarkets!Wooden Butter churn for making butter, most homes had wooden butter pats for getting all the whey out of the newly made butter.A large Victorian Kitchen.,,the Royal Hotel's kitchen is/was about this size., with a hatchway to the main dinning room and scullery/pantry to one side.Some idea of a Victorian/Edwardian kitchen with its many usefull utensilsVictorians loved big, gilt and showy, bold patterned wallpapers were a favorite,when I bought a old 1890 home, we had to peel about 4/5 layers of old bright wallpaper off the scrim linings, they also liked large furniture, ornate lamps for kero/oil  or gas lights, castiron stoves Victorian/Edwarian furnishings, large,&  ornate/showyVictorian return light, one end was weighted, usually the porcelain piece was filled with small ballbearingsChina jelly/food mould victorians, loved their sweet dishes which were very elaborateye olde lemon/citrus sqeezercopyright to H.G.Blomfieldmy great aunts copyright H.G.Blomfield 2013copyright H.G Blomfieldcopyright H.G.Blomfieldcopyright H.G.Blomfieldcopyright H.G.Blomfieldcopyright H.G.Blomfieldcopyright H G Blomfieldmy irons copyright H.G.Blomfieldcopy right H.HG.Blomfieldcopyright H.G.Blomfied 2013mY family copyright to H.G.Blomfield 2013copyright to H.G.Blomfield 2013My apron Copyright H.G.BlomfieldMy cooking pot  copyright H.G.Blomfield copyrigfht H.G.Blomfield
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Please note: copyright photos  H.G.BLOMFIELD-LOBET 2020here to add text.